A Society of Gentlemen: Midshipmen at the U.S. Naval Academy, 1845-1861, Naval Institute Press, 2010.

Extending my peer-reviewed essay in the Journal of Military History (2006), about professionalization in the antebellum US Navy, this book-length study of officer education at the US Naval Academy from 1845 to 1861 reveals that the navy exhibited many elements of a professional organization, through the US Naval Academy, before the Civil War. Annapolis recruited potential officers selectively, instilled in them the ethos of the profession, and weeded out those it deemed unsuitable through examination and discipline. In this way, the US Navy established officers with the specific skills and ethos required to serve the needs of their client, the state.

Purchase from Naval Institute Press.

To Employ and Uplift Them: The Newfoundland Naval Reserve, 1899-1926, ISER Books, 2009.

This social history of the Royal Naval Reserve in Newfoundland reveals that rural fishers incorporated reserve service into their ‘occupational pluralism,’ working different jobs throughout the year. Consequently, the Royal Navy had to consider colonial economic, political and social conditions when it formulated recruiting, training and retention strategies. When successful, the program transferred income to Newfoundland. But the British terminated the Newfoundland reserve because of financial restraints in Britain and the changing nature of the North Atlantic world after the Great War.

Purchase from ISER Books, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

Policing the Seas: Anglo-American Relations and the Equatorial Atlantic, 1819 to 1865, International Maritime Economic History Association, 2008. The rights to this publication have now been acquired by Liverpool University Press.

This study reveals that Washington and London used their maritime and naval policies to further economic goals in the Atlantic while suppressing piracy and the slave trade. When their national interests clashed, they rearranged their naval forces to appease the offended party, and resumed their objectives until tensions again accumulated. Consequently, naval relations acted as a safety valve in wider Anglo-American relations until the outbreak of the Civil War.

Purchase from Liverpool University Press.